Tag Archive: tuning

Jun
24

Adaptive Tuning

A perfectly-tuned PID controller can degrade over time and perform poorly or become oscillatory. There are two main reasons for these changes: The controlled process is non-linear, and the process operation has entered a region with significantly different process parameters than those used during the tuning. The process operating conditions have changed since the auto-tuning …

Continue reading »

Jun
03

Robustness-Based Tuning

Before tuning calculations are applied in a control loop, it is good to consider how much the process gain and deadtime can change before the loop becomes unstable. In the DeltaV control system, this information is provided using a robustness plot that shows gain margin and phase margin as illustrated below. Information on this type …

Continue reading »

May
27

Commissioning PI Control – Integrating Process

When the control objective is to maintain the controlled parameter of an integrating process at setpoint under all operating conditions, then using PI (proportional-integral or proportional plus reset) controller, it is possible to automatically compensate for changes in disturbance inputs and maintain the controlled parameter at setpoint. However, the application of PI control to an …

Continue reading »

May
20

Surge Tank Control

Intermediate liquid storage tanks (surge tanks) are commonly installed between processing areas of the plant. Under normal operating conditions, these storage buffers allow each process area to be operated independently of the other process areas. Any imbalance in the area production rates within a plant will be reflected by a change in level of the …

Continue reading »

May
13

Easy to Apply Tuning Rules

Older control systems may not include tools that allow the PID tuning to be automatically established. In such cases, the following procedure outlined in Chapter 12 of Control Loop Foundation – Batch and Continuous Processes may be quickly applied to determine the tuning of a self-regulating process for PI control. In Chapter 4 of Advanced …

Continue reading »

May
06

On-demand Tuning Example

Control system manufacturers have adopted different technologies to implement on-demand tuning. Because these tools are designed to work in a noisy process measurement environment, the tuning results are usually better than those achieved through manual tuning techniques. To illustrate the features that may be included in on-demand tuning capability, the on-demand tuning capability of the …

Continue reading »

Apr
22

Capturing Process Dynamics

When the on-demand tuning application resides in a DCS workstation, communications between the controller and the workstation can introduce variable delay and jitter in the observed process response. As addressed in Chapter 4 of Advanced Control Foundation – Tools, Techniques, and Applications, the process may be more accurately identified by distributing the on-demand tuning functionality …

Continue reading »

Apr
15

On-Demand Tuning

During the commissioning of feedback control based on the PID algorithm, the PID tuning parameters (that is, the proportional, integral, and derivative gain) must be set to specific values to achieve the best controller response to setpoint and disturbance input changes. To minimize process variations and the response time to setpoint and disturbance input changes …

Continue reading »

Apr
01

Addressing Loop Interaction

In some cases, the manipulated parameter of one control loop can impact the controlled parameter of another control loop as illustrated below. To allow both loops to operate in automatic mode, loop interaction is most often addressed by simply detuning one of the control loops by reducing the proportional gain. The valve (or another final …

Continue reading »

Mar
04

Addressing Incorrect Tuning

A Loop tuning has a significant impact on control loop utilization and performance. Controller tuning parameters can be easily changed over a wide range to adjust loop operation for various process requirements. However, some expertise in tuning is required even when advanced control tools are used, and there is a chance that the behavior of …

Continue reading »

Older posts «

» Newer posts