Tag Archive: process

Jul
22

Adaptive Tuning – Example Application

Adaptive Tuning Example

It is often possible to spot where adaptive control is needed by observing trends of control loops that show the control parameter and valve position during a time period when the process conditions change over their normal span of operation. If the control performance varies with changes in operating conditions, then adaptive tuning may be …

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Jul
15

Adaptive Tuning – Field Experience

Reduction in Process Variability

The adaptive tuning capability included in DeltaV was field tested at four customer sites during the initial stages of product development. This field trail was conducted over a six month period and include over 1000 control loops. One of the field trail sites was at Lubrizol, Deer Park, TX where this adaptive control capability was …

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Jul
08

Adaptive Tuning – Models Identified

Viewing Identified Models

The basis of adaptive tuning is the identification of the process step response based on operator changes in the loop operation. For example, when a control loop is in Automatic mode, changes made in the setpoint can trigger process model identification. If the loop mode has been changed to Manual, then changes by the operator …

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Jul
01

Adaptive Tuning – Model Switching

Adaptive PID Controller With Model Switching and Parameter Interpolation

During the development of the DeltaV adaptive tuning capability, we researched and evaluated many of the most common techniques for implementing adaptive tuning. Also, as part of this research we came across a number of technical articles on a relative new adaptive tuning technique known as model switching. This technique depends on the evaluation of …

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Jun
10

Application of Kalman Filtering in DeltaV

Kalman Filter

A paper published in 1960 by Rudolf Kálmán “A New Approach to Linear Filtering and Prediction Problems” is the basis for the Kalman Filter. The Kalman filter has been successfully used in a wide variety of applications: • The guidance of commercial airplanes • Seismic data processing • Nuclear power plant instrumentation • Vehicle navigation …

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May
27

Commissioning PI Control – Integrating Process

Three Element Drum Level Control

When the control objective is to maintain the controlled parameter of an integrating process at setpoint under all operating conditions, then using PI (proportional-integral or proportional plus reset) controller, it is possible to automatically compensate for changes in disturbance inputs and maintain the controlled parameter at setpoint. However, the application of PI control to an …

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May
06

On-demand Tuning Example

On-Demand Tuning Example

Control system manufacturers have adopted different technologies to implement on-demand tuning. Because these tools are designed to work in a noisy process measurement environment, the tuning results are usually better than those achieved through manual tuning techniques. To illustrate the features that may be included in on-demand tuning capability, the on-demand tuning capability of the …

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Apr
22

Capturing Process Dynamics

Structuring On-demand Tuning

When the on-demand tuning application resides in a DCS workstation, communications between the controller and the workstation can introduce variable delay and jitter in the observed process response. As addressed in Chapter 4 of Advanced Control Foundation – Tools, Techniques, and Applications, the process may be more accurately identified by distributing the on-demand tuning functionality …

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Apr
15

On-Demand Tuning

Self Regulating Response

During the commissioning of feedback control based on the PID algorithm, the PID tuning parameters (that is, the proportional, integral, and derivative gain) must be set to specific values to achieve the best controller response to setpoint and disturbance input changes. To minimize process variations and the response time to setpoint and disturbance input changes …

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Mar
04

Addressing Incorrect Tuning

DCS tuning Support

A Loop tuning has a significant impact on control loop utilization and performance. Controller tuning parameters can be easily changed over a wide range to adjust loop operation for various process requirements. However, some expertise in tuning is required even when advanced control tools are used, and there is a chance that the behavior of …

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